full form of basic in computer

These did not progress past a single freshman class. [13] The system, bundled as the HP 2000, was the first mini platform to offer time-sharing and was an immediate runaway success, catapulting HP to become the third-largest vendor in the minicomputer space, behind DEC and Data General (DG).[14]. [b][12], BASIC, by its very nature of being small, was naturally suited to porting to the minicomputer market, which was emerging at the same time as the time-sharing services. Sinclair BASIC was introduced in 1980 with the Sinclair ZX-80, and was later extended for the Sinclair ZX-81 and the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. If we missed any abbreviation than feel free to … This reignited use of the language and "VB" remains a major programming language in the form of VB.NET. Based largely on his reputation as an innovator in math teaching, in 1959 the school won an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation award for $500,000 to build a new department building. The Apple II and TRS-80 each had two versions of BASIC, a smaller introductory version introduced with the initial releases of the machines and an MS-based version introduced as interest in the platforms increased. This general model became very popular on minicomputer systems like the PDP-11 and Data General Nova in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The latter has essentially the same power as C# and Java but with syntax that reflects the original Basic language. David Ahl collected these, some ported from FOCAL, and published them in an educational newsletter he compiled. During this period a number of simple text-based games were written in BASIC, most notably Mike Mayfield's Star Trek. It provides you the lots of features and also makes much easy your life but today I tell you the meaning Computer Full Form.. Everbody about know the Computer but he does not know the Computer Full Form so that why today I write this article. Wanting use of the language to become widespread, its designers made the compiler available free of charge. In addition they produced the Microsoft BASIC Compiler aimed at professional programmers. New BASIC programmers on a home computer might start with a simple program, perhaps using the language's PRINT statement to display a message on the screen; a well-known and often-replicated example is Kernighan and Ritchie's "Hello, World!" BASIC (Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use. These machines had very small main memory, perhaps as little as 4 kB in modern terminology,[c] and lacked high-performance storage like hard drives that make compilers practical. Microsoft also produced VBScript in 1996 and Visual Basic .NET in 2001. [29] Dartmouth held a 50th anniversary celebration for BASIC on 1 May 2014,[30] as did other organisations; at least one organisation of VBA programmers organised a 35th anniversary observance in 1999. This led to increasing interest in a system using time-sharing and a new language specifically for use by non-STEM students. This means they require only enough memory to run a single line, and do not require some form of high-performance secondary memory like a hard drive. [24], In 1978, David Lien published the first edition of The BASIC Handbook: An Encyclopedia of the BASIC Computer Language, documenting keywords across over 78 different computers. Tymshare charged about $10 per hour (equivalent to $66 in 2019) for accessing their systems. The first microcomputer version of BASIC was co-written by Gates, Allen, and Monte Davidoff for their newly-formed company, Micro-Soft. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. It was as simple as that. When management refused to support the concept, Ahl left DEC in 1974 to found the seminal computer magazine, Creative Computing. These changes made the language much less idiosyncratic while still having an overall structure and feel similar to the original FORTRAN. New experiments using Fortran and ALGOL followed, but Kurtz concluded these languages were too tricky for what they desired. Usually, line numbering is omitted from the language and replaced with labels (for GOTO) and procedures to encourage easier and more flexible design. String variables are usually distinguished in many microcomputer dialects by having $ suffixed to their name, and values are often identified as strings by being delimited by "double quotation marks". The Atari 8-bit family had its own Atari BASIC that was modified in order to fit on an 8 kB ROM cartridge. These later variations introduced many extensions, such as improved string manipulation and graphics support, access to the file system and additional data types. For a cost of about $100,000, one could own a machine capable of running between 16 and 32 users at the same time. Micro-Soft, by this time Microsoft, ported their interpreter for the MOS 6502, which quickly become one of the most popular microprocessors of the 8-bit era. [3], The project received a $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation, which was used to purchase a GE-225 computer for processing, and a Datanet-30 realtime processor to handle the Teletype Model 33 teleprinters used for input and output. DEC, the leader in the minicomputer space since the mid-1960s, had initially ignored BASIC. It was not always included, as is the case in this example. The various Microsoft, Lotus, and Corel office suites and related products are programmable with Visual Basic in one form or another, including LotusScript, which is very similar to VBA 6. QBasic, a version of Microsoft QuickBASIC without the linker to make EXE files, is present in the Windows NT and DOS-Windows 95 streams of operating systems and can be obtained for more recent releases like Windows 7 which do not have them. More powerful versions had floating-point arithmetic, and variables could be labelled with names six or more characters long. Here: We have listed all of the full forms & Short Forms by category, so it will be easy for you to look at what you came for. [11], Although time-sharing services with BASIC were successful for a time, the widespread success predicted earlier was not to be. [d], A particularly important example was HP Time-Shared BASIC, which, like the original Dartmouth system, used two computers working together to implement a time-sharing system. However, by the latter half of the 1980s, users were increasingly using pre-made applications written by others rather than learning programming themselves; while professional programmers now had a wide range of more advanced languages available on small computers. Due to the tiny main memory available on these machines, often 4 kB, a variety of Tiny BASIC dialects was also created. As new companies entered the field, additional versions were added that subtly changed the BASIC family. BASIC Full Form : BASIC is a high level language based on FORTRAN II, with some influences from ALGOL 60 and with additions to make it suitable for time-sharing. Even IBM eventually joined the club with the introduction of VS-BASIC in 1973. Later packages, such as Learn to Program BASIC would also have gaming as an introductory focus. While many advanced programmers still scoffed at its use, VB met the needs of small businesses efficiently as by that time, computers running Windows 3.1 had become fast enough that many business-related processes could be completed "in the blink of an eye" even using a "slow" language, as long as large amounts of data were not involved. As the popularity of BASIC grew in this period, computer magazines published complete source code in BASIC for video games, utilities, and other programs. He later collected a number of these into book form, 101 BASIC Computer Games, published in 1973. BASIC fell from use during the later 1980s as newer machines with far greater capabilities came to market and other programming languages (such as Pascal and C) became tenable. Wiki User Answered . The emergence of early microcomputers in the mid-1970s led to the development of a number of BASIC dialects, including Microsoft BASIC in 1975. Interpreters are ultimately similar to compilers in the tasks they perform, converting source code to machine code, but differ in when they perform it. Many early video games trace their history to one of these versions of BASIC. The BBC published BBC BASIC, developed by Acorn Computers Ltd, incorporating many extra structured programming keywords and advanced floating-point operation features. When IBM was designing the IBM PC they followed the paradigm of existing home computers in wanting to have a built-in BASIC. System using time-sharing and a new language specifically for use on the RSTS/E operating..., selection and procedures with local variables he later collected a number of BASIC took place as of! A dozen undergraduates worked on the RSTS/E time-sharing operating system became increasingly accessible to the machines at Dartmouth in. Following years, as other dialects of BASIC was a simple matter to type in minicomputer. 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