universalism human rights

NGOs within Human Rights Houses have very different focuses and work on various rights, but join forces as civil society defending all human rights for all in each country. Human Rights - edited by Cindy Holder May 2013. Unitarian Universalism (UU) is a theologically liberal religion characterized by a "free and responsible search for truth and meaning". The Human Rights House concept promotes the universality and indivisibility of human rights. The Universality of Human Rights Judicial Studies Board Annual Lecture 19 March 2009 1. Central to these declarations is a notion of the universal, which is potentially in tension with critiques of universalism in the museum sector. (2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay. Human rights are part of the inherent dignity of every human being: they belong to all in equal measure because all are human, be they male or female, young or old, rich or poor, atheist or believer. (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. (3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State. (2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. States advocating “traditional values” and “illiberal” democratic values in reality aim at raising their own cultural norms and particularities above international law and standards, hence undermining universal human rights as a principle. (1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. The cautious universalism promoted by human rights does not automatically justify foreign intervention, especially of the military kind. (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Human rights in the museum context draw on the 1789 French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen and on the more recent (1948) United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Protecting people by universalism is a way of protecting everybody without discrimination. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. (1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. From Force to Law: the Tragic Origins of Modern Human Rights One hundred years ago, the outbreak of World War I marked also the beginning of a long period of humanitarian catastrophe, that led to redefining the entire system of international (2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association. Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people. However, some States invoke “traditional values” to justify human rights violations and unlawful practices in many different cultures and societies. A set of universally shared values is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including the right to participate in public life. The claim of human rights to be universal can no doubt be traced back to mediaeval natural law theory and beyond, but for practical purposes I can begin in 1776 with the Declaration of Independence drafted by Thomas No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed. In this historic audio, listen to Eleanor Roosevelt - diplomat, activist and former First Lady of the United States - read from the Declaration. (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. It uses the idea of minimalism; going down to the level where we are all simply human beings and therefore deserve to have all the same basic rights. Female delegates from various countries played a key role in getting women’s rights included in the document. Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

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